Gastroscopy is a review that examines the esophagus, stomach, and twin-pancreas. It is performed in an outpatient condition using a device called an esophagogastroduodenoscope to determine the cause of gastrointestinal problems.
Gastroscopy is performed in the following conditions:
- Gastrointestinal (GI) bloody.
- Stomach ache.
- Dyspepsia-problems with soreness ( vomiting, fever)
- Severe or painful swallowing
- Unexplained losing body weight.
- Evacuation of foreign bodies
- Screening of gastro-oesophageal cancer
The most common problems requiring gastroscopy are: difficulty in swallowing, tingling, wheezing, overtraining, bruising behind the chest or parabilitating, nausea, vomiting.
Any symptom if there is longer than 15 days to exclude the acute substrate is an indication for review. The preparation for the examination consists of not taking food and liquid at least 6h before examination.
The review takes a couple minutes, is unpleasant but painless. It is normally done by local anesthesia of the flap, but it can also be done in short-term intravenous sedation. By introducing a smaller instrument through the gastroscop it is possible to take materials for pathohistological analysis. By introducing a smaller anvil tool, it is possible to remove the polyps or by placing a variety of accessories to stop the bleeding. The average appearance lasts for several minutes depending on the indication and the finding itself. If polyseptomy or multiple biopsies are taken or the bleeding is stopped, the examination may take longer. It is important to note that the length of the examination also affects the anatomical variations of the joints, the zelot, the twelve-legged crevice. After an hour after the end of the examination, the patient can eat and take fluid.
Colonoscopy is an endoscopic overview of the colon. It is performed in an outpatient facility, an instrument called colonoscopy and allows evaluation of gastrointestinal symptoms. As a screening review it is recommended for all people over the age of 50 as well as for people with a positive family history of malignant colon cancer or polyps.
Colonoscopy is performed in the following states:
- Gastrointestinal (GI) bloody
- Stomach ache
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Screening of colorectal cancer
- Unexplained losing body weight
- Stop bleeding from diverticulitis or bleeding from other colorectal lesions, by injecting a drug at the bleeding site, or by thermotherapy
- Remove polyp
If you take some medicines as your regular therapy, do not stop the therapy alone before colonoscopy without consultation with your doctor.
For a successful examination it is necessary to clean the crevice. Detailed instructions on how to prepare the patient are given in writing. Preparation begins on a day of pre-scheduled review. It is imperative that you do not consume any solid food, only drinking liquids such as water, juice and tea are allowed. Also, taking laxatives adjusts the time of the scheduled examination and water-dissolving agents are usually recommended and taken in multiple doses. Painless colonoscopy is performed in analgesic sedation. Colonoscopy is performed by a physician specializing in internal medicine - a gastroenterologist by introducing a colonoscopy through the rectum with a camera screening the colon cancer. By insertion of air, the colon can be expanded, allowing the physician to undergo precise exploration. By introducing a smaller instrument through the colonoscope it is possible to take materials for pathohistological analysis. By introducing a smaller pocket instrument, it is possible to remove polyps. The average review lasts 20-30 minutes depending on the indication and the finding itself. If polyploctomy or multiple biopsies are being taken, the examination may take longer. It is important to mention that the length of the examination affects the anatomical variation of the column. Colonoscopy is a safe review and unwanted effects are excursions. Due to air insufflation during the examination, transient, mild inflammation of the stomachs and cramps that disappear with the release of gases occurs. The percentage of serious complications such as perforation of the column or bulky bleeding is extremely low (0.3%).