Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor among women in Europe. It makes 26.5% of all new cases of cancer and 17.5% of deaths among women in Europe.

Risk-factors:

The risk of breast cancer has increased in women who had first menstruation before 12 years, who had menopause before 50 years, who did not give birth or were born after 30 years of age, who were operated due to one breast cancer (likely cancer incidence in the second breast is 6%), if one of his close relatives had breast cancer, and after 50 years of age the danger is greater with obesity and less movement.

Breast Cancer Symptoms:

Painless nod in the breast is a major sign. Most women are just knitting a knot. Sometimes the nod is painful to the touch or accompanied by spontaneous pain, nipple discharge, recently retracted nipple that can not be pulled, rash, wound and creep on the skin of the breast, tummy tuck above the tumor, breast skin similar to orange, redness, swelling, heat and pain, enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen, back pain, ...

Diagnostic:

mamografija

mammography If a node is detected, the methods used for its examination include:

  • Mammography and / or breast ultrasound

  • FNA biopsies (corneal puncture), corneal or vacuum biopsy, which allow tissue analysis under a microscope.

Why does it take so much attention to early detection of breast cancer?

According to the American Oncology Association, five-year survival for women with detected and treated breast cancer is absolutely related to the stage in which breast cancer is discovered:

100% for Stage 0 and I

92% for Stage IIA

81% for Stage IIB

67% for Stage IIIA

54% for Stage IIIB

20% for Stage IV

What is mammography?

Mammography is a low-dose breast cancer screening for early detection of breast cancer, which is the first in cancer among cancer patients. It is recommended to do it once a year, after 40 years of life, and breast ultrasound up to 40 years of age. A review should also be made if you feel a hard tissue or a breast gland, wart discharge or if you have a positive family history of breast cancer.

mamografija

In 5 to 15% of mammographic images, there will be a change that requires an additional examination, such as breast ultrasound, biopsy or control mammography.

The test will take up to 30 minutes. Do not put a deodorant or powder on the body, the clothes should be two-part. Before the review, a brief talk with you is done, explain the process and you will be introduced to the dressing room where you will be removed from the waist up. You will get a robe that opens at the front. During each shoot, the X-ray technician will carefully position the breast by adjusting them firmly on the mammographic apparatus. Mammography requires breast compression, which is uncomfortable during the making of a X-ray, but does not need to be painful. Breast compression helps achieve a better x-ray image, allows lower doses of radiant radiation, prevents movement and the appearance of blurry images. If you have a sensitive breasts, look at the term mammography two weeks after your period, because then your breasts are less sensitive, reducing the chance of mood during mammography. To reduce the sensitivity, avoid caffeine with caffeine for several days prior to inspection. Compression will not harm your chest in any case and it's important to get a good shot for evaluation. Holding it very quiet while shooting a ray is necessary for the recording to be unclear. If you've been reviewing before, make sure that you take the recordings with you for comparison - this will make the assessment of the changes and the need for further testing a great deal easier.