Coronary CT angiography
Cardiovascular diseases are the number one killer in today's world and relate each year more lives than all malignant diseases together. Coronary disease is most commonly caused by atherosclerosis (creating plaques in the blood vessels wall causing their narrowing). Until recently, there was no non-invasive way to directly analyze the coronary artery in the presence of atherosclerotic changes. The development of multilayer CT (MSCT / MDCT) technology has provided a detailed three-dimensional representation of the heartbeat during a breath hold. In our Diagnostic Center, we offer this technique of coronary artery examination, a multi-slice device, with state-of-the-art software and minimal radiation dose.
What is CT Coronarography?
CT -scan is a method of visualization of small arteries that feed the heart muscle using a CT scanner that displays blood flow in the coronary arteries and computer software to obtain the appropriate three-dimensional view. CT angiography is a non-invasive way to display coronary artery walls and come up with potential atherosclerotic plaques, which helps the physician determine the risk of heart attack.
Who needs CT coronarography?
W T Roberts1, J J Bax2, L C Davies:3Cardiac CT and CT coronary angiography: technology and application. Heart 2008;94:781-792;
suspected coronary disease, moderate to high risk, but with atypical anginosis symptoms with an undetermined result of ergometry or other stress test that are unable to undergo stress testing with unusual coronary heart disease symptoms but low to moderate risk. complex cardiovascular disorders including coronary anomalies, major blood vessel anomalies, cardiac cavities and canal vessels. with acute chest pain, low to moderate risk of coronary heart disease, no change in ECG and negative biohumoral syndrome coronary status evaluation in patients with recent onset of heart failure unclear etiology noninvasive mapping of coronary tree including internal mammary artery before repeating surgical revascularization
How to prepare for an overview?
stop eating and drinking 4 hours before review , stop consuming drinks containing caffeine the day before review, stop smoking the day before reviewing , all your regular therapy drink regularly or consult a physician about the same
What can I expect?
The review lasts for 15 minutes, after which you will stay 15-30 minutes further for observation, and arrange for a talk to the doctor about the test results, further treatment, or additional testing.
CT screening (early detection) of lung cancer
lung cancer is the most common cancer in men, so early detection of this disease is of great importance. The introduction of multilayered CT (MSCT) in clinical practice has enabled screening (early detection) of lung cancer. The review is intended for those who are at high risk for lung cancer and allows to detect extremely small nodules in the lungs that may be present but not visible on the standard lung footage. Early detection of these changes can dramatically improve the success of lung cancer treatment.
Who needs this recording?
CT screening of lungs is recommended for smokers older than 60g, whose year-packaging index is greater than 10 (the year-pack index is obtained by multiplying the number of smoking days with the number of daily smoking cigarettes: over 80% of lung cancer is diagnosed in people older than 60g). The other candidates for screening are patients aged 50-60g who have a pack-year index of 20-30 or other risk factors such as exposure to asbestos or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
What can I expect from the test results?
If CT screening is neat, further testing is not required.
If a node is found in the lungs, it may be necessary to do more detailed diagnostic CTs with contrast. Often, for nodules caught in a preventive examination, granulomas or scars are more detailed / diagnostic CT lungs or are nodules of benign characteristics, which are followed in certain periods to make sure that this is really a benign change.
Colon cancer is the second most common cancer carcinoma in men (behind lung cancer) and the third most frequent in women (behind breast and cervical cancer) and the safest way to detect early is colonoscopy. In addition to the classic endoscopic method, we now have the possibility of CT colonoscopy, which is much simpler for the patient, and is more comfortably comparable with classical colonoscopy. In the 22 US states, colonoscopy is a review that goes to the burden of the health insurance fund.
What is CT Colonography?
CT colonography or virtual colonoscopy is a procedure that uses a colonic CT scan for the presence of cancer or precancerous polyps. It can detect tumors, polyps, bleeding, inflammatory bowel disease and diverticulosis.
Who needs it?
After 40 years of age, all patients, therefore, who do not have any problems should do a colonoscopy every 10g if the finding is neat and regardless of age, all who have certain digestive problems (blood in the stool, suffocation, constipation, dizziness, unclear pain in stomach). As with other cancers, the success of the treatment depends on the spread of the disease at the moment when it has been detected-as earlier revealed the success rate is higher! Unfortunately, many people avoid colonoscopy due to the technique itself and the unpleasantness of the examination. Unlike endoscopic colonoscopy, virtual colonoscopy does not require sedation because it is minimal to the patient and immediately after the examination you can return to your regular job. Virtual colonoscopy eliminates the possibility of perforation of the colon and allows detection of extremely small polyps (3mm).
Preparation and Procedure
As with classic endoscopic colonoscopy a day before, it is necessary to purify the intestines by using fluid diets and taking laxatives to allow tissue presentation. The review takes 15 minutes. During the inspection, a thin elastic tube is introduced into the end of the colon that introduces gas, which stretches the intestines and provides a good indication of any changes. During the examination, the recording is performed once in the back, once in the stomach, lasts very short. After completing the recording with the doctor you will arrange the time when you will receive the results of the review.
CTA krvnih žila vrata i mozga
Naš 160-slajsni CT aparat